f Nucleotide Sequence of the Gene Encoding the Fusion Glycoprotein of Newcastle Disease Virus
- Authors: Philip Chambers, Neil S. Millar, Peter T. Emmerson
- J. Gen. Virol., December 1986 67: 2685-2694, doi: 10.1099/0022-1317-67-12-2685
- Subject: Articles
- Published Online:
The nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding the fusion (F) glycoprotein of the Beaudette C strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has been determined from cDNA clones obtained from virion RNA. The gene is 1792 nucleotides long, including mRNA start and polyadenylation signals typical of paramyxoviruses. The single open reading frame encodes a polypeptide of 553 amino acids, with a predicted molecular weight of 59042. The F polypeptide has three regions of high hydrophobicity: an N-terminal signal peptide, the N terminus of F1 (known from protein sequencing) and a C-terminal membrane-spanning region by which the F glycoprotein is anchored to the membrane. The cleavage site of F0 is located in a highly basic region of the F polypeptide. Five potential asparagine-linked glycosylation sites are present in the amino acid sequence, of which one is in F2 and the others in F1. Comparison of the NDV F amino acid sequence to those from other paramyxoviruses reveals homology to Sendai virus, simian virus 5 and human respiratory syncytial virus. There is also limited homology between the N terminus of F1 of NDV and the N termini of HA2 of influenza viruses. Post-translational modifications of the NDV F polypeptide are discussed in the light of information provided by the amino acid sequence.
© Society for General Microbiology 1986 | Published by the Microbiology Society
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