f Construction of human immunodeficiency virus 1/simian immunodeficiency virus strain mac chimeric viruses having vpr and/or nef of different parental origins and their in vitro and in vivo replication
- Authors: Takeo Kuwata, Tatsuhiko Igarashi, Eiji Ido, Minghao Jin, Akiko Mizuno, Jiangli Chen, Masanori Hayami*
*Author for correspondence. Fax +81 75 761 9335. e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
- First Published Online: 01 September 1995, Journal of General Virology 76: 2181-2191, doi: 10.1099/0022-1317-76-9-2181
- Subject: Animal
- Issue Published:
We constructed a series of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1)/simian immunodeficiency virus strain mac (SIVmac) chimeric viruses having vpr and/or nef genes of either HIV-1 or SIVmac based on a chimeric virus with LTRs, gag, pol, vif and vpx derived from SIVmac and tat, rev, vpu and env from HIV-1. All of the chimeric viruses replicated in human and macaque peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in several CD4+ human cell lines, though their growth potentials were slightly different depending on whether vpr and nef were from HIV-1 or SIVmac, or were defective. The presence of nef accelerated replication in all the cells used and the replication of each chimera appeared to reflect that of the parental virus from which nef was derived. The presence of vpr had no clear effect in human and monkey PBMCs, but the replication of each chimera was influenced by the origin of vpr in H9 and A3.01 cells. NM-3rN, which carries HIV-1 vpr and SIVmac nef, was inoculated intravenously into three rhesus monkeys, three cynomolgus monkeys and two pig-tailed monkeys. From 2 to 14 weeks after inoculation, viruses were consistently re-isolated from all the monkeys and virus loads were as high as that of SIVmac reported previously. The results indicate that infection with NM-3rN is more efficient than any of our previous chimeric viruses and suggest that NM-3rN, having HIV-1 Env, will be a useful challenge virus for evaluating AIDS vaccines based on HIV-1 Env in macaque monkeys instead of chimpanzees.
Author for correspondence. Fax +81 75 761 9335. e-mail email@example.com
© Society for General Microbiology 1995 | Published by the Microbiology Society
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