f The 3a Protein from Cucumber Mosaic Virus Increases the Gating Capacity of Plasmodesmata in Transgenic Tobacco Plants
- Authors: C. Vaquero, A. P. Turner, G. Demangeat†, A. Sanz, M. T. Serra, K. Roberts, I. García-Luque
- First Published Online: 01 November 1994, Journal of General Virology 75: 3193-3197, doi: 10.1099/0022-1317-75-11-3193
- Subject: Plant
- Issue Published:
The 3a protein, encoded by RNA 3 of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), is the putative movement protein of viral progeny in infected plants. An analysis of transgenic tobacco plants constitutively expressing the CMV 3a protein showed that the protein is accumulated in leaves at every stage of development. In fully expanded leaves the protein is immunodetectable mostly in a cell-wall-enriched fraction. Dye-coupling experiments using fluorescent-dextran probes were performed on fully expanded leaves to study the modifying effect of CMV 3a protein on the gating capacity of plasmodesmata. Movement of fluorescein-isothiocyanate-labelled dextran with a mean molecular mass of 10000 Da, and an approximate Stokes' radius of 2.3 nm, was detected between cells of the 3a protein transgenic plants, but not in the control plants. These results are consistent with the idea that the CMV 3a protein is involved in the modification of plasmodesmata and, therefore, in the cell-to-cell spread of the virus.
Present address: INRA, CR de Colmar, 28 rue de Herrlisheim, BP 507, 68021 Colmar Cedex, France.
© Society for General Microbiology Ltd 1994 | Published by the Microbiology Society
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